Installation of a Graphical Desktop with RDP Access for SUSE SLES 11, 12, 15 or Ubuntu

Installation of a Graphical Desktop with RDP Access for SUSE SLES 11, 12, 15 or Ubuntu

Some installations may require graphical tools to be operated on the target server.

Important dependencies

  • xrdp uses vnc
  • vnc uses X11 and window managers

Software Installation

AWS installations come by default without a GNOME desktop environment. The following commands will install a GNOME desktop and an xrdp service to connect to the systems:

SLES 11 & 12

$ sudo zypper install -t pattern gnome-basic


Use yast and the install pattern "Gnome basic"

  • $ sudo yast
    • Select "Software", enter "tab"
    • Select "Software Management", enter "cr"
    • Move active field to "Filter Search", enter "Shift"+"tab"
    • Use down keyboard key to unfold selection list
    • Select "Patterns"
    • Select "GNOME Desktop Environment (Basic)"
    • Select "Accept"


$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install ubuntu-desktop

Install xRDP


$ sudo zypper install xrdp


sudo apt install xrdp
sudo systemctl status xrdp
# Output
# xrdp.service - xrdp daemon...
sudo adduser xrdp ssl-cert
sudo systemctl restart xrdp

Enable VNC Remote Login


  • $ sudo yast
  • Select " Network Services"
  • Select first entry "Remote Administration with VNC"
  • Enable service

SUSE: Configure Window Manager to use Gnome

  • Edit file /etc/sysconfig/windowmanager
  • Change entry DEFAULT_WM="" to DEFAULT_WM="gnome"

Ubuntu: Configure PolKit-Framework

sudo bash -c "cat >/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/45-allow.colord.pkla" <<EOF
[Allow Colord all Users]

Startup the RDP service and make it start automatically after Reboot

These commands need to be executed with the sudo command from the ec2-user.


# service xrdp start
# chkconfig --set xrdp on

SLES 12 & 15, Ubuntu

# sudo systemctl start xrdp
# sudo systemctl enable xrdp 
Stefan Schneider Tue, 08/18/2015 - 12:53

Anonymous (not verified)

Sat, 01/04/2020 - 10:32

Works perfectly, thank you so much !

Arun (not verified)

Sat, 09/04/2021 - 21:02

Please add steps to install GNOME on SLES15:
1. Activate "Desktop Applications Module 15 SP3 x86_64"
2. sudo zypper in -t pattern gnome_basic